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The Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID) is the annual flagship report published by Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).

The report synthesizes the latest statistics, country/situation assessments, thematic and policy analyses. It presents the most up-to-date estimates of new displacements by conflict and disasters, and the total cumulative numbers of internally displaced people (IDPs) worldwide.

The GRID is the global reference for internal displacement data and analysis and is widely used by policy-makers national governments, UN agencies, international NGOs, journalists and academics.

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) based in Geneva, Switzerland, is the world’s authoritative source  of data and analysis on internal displacement.

  • It was establishment in 1998 as part of the Norwegian Refugee Council
  • The work of IDMC informs policy and operational decisions that improve the lives of the millions of people living in internal displacement, or at risk of becoming displaced in the future.

Main focus Areas

  • IDMC provides verified, consolidated and multi-sourced estimates of the number of people internally displaced or at risk of becoming displaced by conflict, violence, disasters and development projects across the world.
  • IDMC complements this global data with interdisciplinary research into the drivers, patterns and impacts of internal displacement across different country situations, contexts and scenarios.
  • Using this evidence, IDMC provides tailor-made advice and support to inform global, regional and national policy-making.

Key findings of GRID Report 2020

  1. 4 million new displacements in 2019 of which 8.5 million are conflict and violence driven by increasing levels of violence in Burkina Faso, Yemen and Libya
  2. New incidents of conflict displacement were recorded in 50 countries in 2019.
  3. The majority took place in low and middle-income countries including Syria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Ethiopia, which accounted for more than a million new displacements each.
  4. Total number of IDPs 50.8 million of which 45.7million are a result of conflict and violence and 5.1 million due to disaters
  5. 3 million IDPs are children under 15 and 3.7 million are over 60
  6. Nearly 2,000 disasters triggered 24.9 million new displacements across 140 countries and territories in 2019.
  7. Disaster displacement was recorded in low and high-income countries Cyclones Idai and Kenneth forced hundreds of thousands of people from their homes in Mozambique, Malawi, Madagascar, Zimbabwe and the archipelagos of Comoros and Mayotte.
  8. Hurricane Dorian’s impacts on the Bahamas also triggered displacement on neighboring islands and in the US and Canada.
  9. Cyclones Fani and Bulbul triggered more than five million in India and Bangladesh alone.

India Specific Findings

There were five million new disaster displacements in India in 2019, the highest figure in the world and the result of a combination of increasing hazard intensity, high population exposure and high levels of social and economic vulnerability.

  • The year was also the seventh warmest since records began in 1901, and the monsoon was the wettest in 25 years. These conditions helped to fuel the destructive power of the eight tropical storms to hit the country during the year
  • Cyclone Fani was the most powerful storm to strike the country in the last five years, and the most intense to form in the Bay of Bengal since  1999 was destructive across the states of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal before  moving  north  to  Bangladesh leading to evacuation  of  more  than  8  million  people. 
  • Another 289,000  people  were  evacuated  in  Gujarat  in  June  ahead  of  cyclone  Vayu,
  • The south-west monsoon triggered more than 2.6 million displacements in the months that followed.
  • Cyclone Bulbul struck Odisha and West Bengal triggering 186,000 displacements.
  • Drought displacement was also recorded in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Report recommendation on Managing IDPs

  1. The recognition of internal displacement is a vital first step toward addressing
  2. Policies and programmes on internal displacement should always align with national priorities. E.g. Afghan government understands internal displacement as both a humanitarian and development issue, and recognises it as a consequence of both conflict and disasters. This has the potential to strengthen institutional coordination and responses.
  3. Regional and global initiatives should act as catalysts for national commitment and local action. Global initiatives such as the UN High-Level Panel on Internal Displacement also have the potential to unlock national action.
  1. Effective local initiatives require more predictable and sustained funding.
  2. Existing tools can be used to provide planners and policymakers with evidence that goes beyond numbers. E.g. Combining official monitoring of disaster displacement with mobile phone tracking data and social media analysis has helped to improve planning for shelters, reconstruction and longer-term urban recovery.
  3. Strengthen collaboration and coordination, and make data more coherent and trustworthy as well as increase ownership among providers, users and donors.
  4. Accounting for displacement and reporting on progress is a vital tool in generating and sustaining political commitment.
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